26 de enero de 2018

CRUCES FRONTERIZOS : Cruzan a EU 1,300 trailers diarios por Nogales....se elevan fletes en EEUU



Nogales.- Se mantiene el cruce de hasta mil 300 trailers semirremolque por Nogales, con exportaciones de la industria maquiladora y sobretodo de hortalizas, provenientes del sur de Sonora, Sinaloa y otros estados de la República Mexicana, de acuerdo con Werner Guillermo Cota López, el director del Trocadero Caades en esta frontera , quien recordó que la temporada de cruce en el 2017 registró afectaciones por los precios de mercado, había incertidumbre tras el cambio de poderes en Estados Unidos y hasta por cambios en los hábitos de consumo de los estadounidenses, por lo que se consideró mala en cuestión de mercados.

 “En esta temporada se espera un mejor efecto, sobre todo por el impacto del huracán Irma en la zona de Florida, que causo un retraso de quince a veinte días para replantar y levantar, fue una ventana que aprovecharon los agricultores que sembraron temprano”, dijo. Agregó que la zona productora de Sinaloa se ha visto benéfica y no se han reportado afectaciones por fenómenos climatológicos como heladas, solamente en las zonas altas y sierra de Sinaloa. 

 “Ahorita va empezando el pico de la temporada, se pudiera decir, va aumentando el volumen del tomate, pero tienen que ser cautelosos los agricultores en mandar calidad, así como tener mucho cuidado en no saturar los mercados”, comentó. Actualmente se cruzan alrededor de mil 300 cruces diarios, incluidas las unidades de la industria maquiladora, por la garita Mariposa de Nogales, Arizona, aunque se espera se incremente hasta mil 600 trailers al día en próximas semanas.
Resultado de imagen para logo de caades
 “Pues tiene mucho que ver la oferta y la demanda, la cuestión de las zonas productoras, pero va en buen desarrollo, no se nota mucho el tráfico aquí porque hemos tenido mucho apoyo de la Aduana de México y de la Sedena para que fluyan las unidades, al igual que con la Aduana de Estados Unidos”, señaló. 

 Cota López aceptó existe un rezago mínimo en el traslado de cargas debido a la modernización del tramo carretero en el estado, pero se entiende que más adelante, es una obra que beneficiara el trafico vehicular, sobre todo para el transporte de carga. 

http://www.eldiariodesonora.com.mx/notas.php?nota=105203

 New trucking rules blamed for driver shortage, rate hikes 

Trucks

Nogales, Arizona.- Members of the local produce and trucking industries say newly enforced regulations have led to driver shortages and an increase in trucking rates, with at least one truck firm already having left town for Mexico in response, and business leaders and an economist warning that consumers could feel the pinch as well. 

 “I moved my Nogales-based operations to Nogales, Sonora because I couldn’t hire American drivers,” said Jimmy Watson, Jr. of local trucking company JSJ Enterprises. Watson and others in the industry say they’ve suffered the double-whammy of so-called “cabotage rules,” which prohibit foreign drivers from picking up U.S. cargo and delivering it within the country, and the “ELD mandate,” which requires commercial drivers to outfit their rigs with a device that automatically tracks their hours.

 The cabotage rule, enforced locally in the New Year, and the ELD mandate, which went into effect nationwide in December, have led to shortages as companies have had to replace Mexican drivers with U.S. citizens and double up on some runs to keep their hours down. Lance Jungmeyer, president of the Nogales-based Fresh Produce Association of the Americas, whose industry is in its high season, said the driver shortage is limiting the number of trucks needed in the local area, which in turn is having an effect on prices.

FPAA Logo

 “The delivered cost of fresh produce is through the roof, which means that retailers and restaurants have to pass on the costs through higher prices,” he said. Ashley Langer, a University of Arizona economics professor with an expertise in transportation, agreed that consumers could pay the price. “Shipping and transportation is a huge input into food costs,” she said. “In general, if shipping is more expensive, then you’re going to see prices go up.” Langer noted that even short-term spikes in shipping costs can be seen at the grocery store, since it’s easy to change the price on a small produce sticker.

                                                      Rate changes 

 According to Watson and Jose Muñoz, who hires drivers to ship produce from Rio Rico-based Tricar Sales, the price to haul produce from Nogales to Los Angeles was about $1,200 before the New Year. Watson said his rates are now averaging around $2,000 and Muñoz recalled paying up to $3,000 immediately after Jan. 1.

The Nogales-to-LA rate averaged $1,800 during the week of Jan. 17-23, according to a recent USDA Truck Rate Report, which said Nogales is suffering from a “slight shortage” of trucks. The mid-January rate for that trip averaged $1,200 in 2016 and 2017, according to USDA data reported in the produce industry publication The Packer.

 Jungmeyer said that local trucking rates have been at “historic highs” in recent weeks, but added that they are now coming down. He attributed the spike in rates partly to the ELD mandate and cabotage rules, the latter of which are part of the NAFTA agreement, but were only enforced at local ports and checkpoints after the New Year. But he also blamed a series of East Coast storms, a demand to restock retail shops after the holidays, and a general nationwide truck-driver shortage.

                                 Pushing forward

 Prior to moving his operation to Mexico, Watson said, he spent four months looking for U.S. drivers ahead of the cabotage rules enforcement, attending job fairs and offering high pay on Craigslist. “I was only able to get two calls,” he said, adding that neither applicant was qualified. Because he couldn’t hire U.S. drivers,

Watson said, he moved 80 percent of his business across the border. His Mexican drivers are now picking up produce directly from growers in Mexico, instead of from sorting facilities in Nogales, Ariz. and Rio Rico. He said a couple of sorting companies have already moved small parts of their operations to Nogales, Sonora, and he’s afraid more will follow or move to areas near other U.S. ports of entry. “It’s going to cost us jobs here,” Watson said. But Muñoz of Tricar said moving sorting facilities to Nogales, Sonora wouldn’t be worth the cost.

Plus, it would take away American jobs. “For now, it’s going to be (that) we’re just going to pay more money” for drivers, he said. Muñoz said he’s hopeful the industry can find a way to attract more U.S. truckers. And while he thinks the new rules have had a “significant impact” locally, he’s taken a more relaxed view of their long-term effect. “I see this in a couple of years coming back to normal, once everything gets smoothed out,” he said.

 That’s going to take an “organized push,” said Jungmeyer of the FPAA. His organization and other Arizona industry groups recently met and came up with a plan to connect underemployed people, like returning veterans, with employers, he said. “The hard part is it takes time to train and certify a driver, and we need trucks tomorrow to keep these businesses in Nogales humming,” he said.

http://www.nogalesinternational.com/news/new-trucking-rules-blamed-for-driver-shortage-rate-hikes/article_777e4e4a-022b-11e8-92fa-ff3f475857a0.html